Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging in systemic lupus erythematosus patients

  1. J Nakamura1
  2. S Ohtori1
  3. A Watanabe2
  4. K Nakagawa3
  5. G Inoue1
  6. S Kishida1
  7. Y Harada4
  8. M Suzuki5
  9. K Takahashi1

  1. 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba City, Chiba, Japan;

  2. 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Teikyo University Chiba Medical Center, Ichihara City, Chiba, Japan;

  3. 3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Toho University Sakura Medical Center, Sakura City, Chiba, Japan;

  4. 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chibaken Saiseikai Narashino Hospital, Narashino City, Chiba, Japan;

  5. 5Research Center for Frontier Medical Engineering, Chiba University, Chiba-City, Chiba, Japan
  1. Correspondence to: Junichi Nakamura, MD, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba City, 260-8677, Chiba, Japan Email: njonedr{at}yahoo.co.jp

Disturbance of blood supply to the femoral head is a risk factor for corticosteroid-associated osteonecrosis. The aim was to measure blood supply of the proximal femur during corticosteroid therapy in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We repeatedly performed 78 dynamic MRIs of 19 hip joints in 19 SLE patients after initiation of corticosteroid administration for one year. Blood supply of the femoral head (epiphysis, growth plate, and metaphysis), the femoral neck, and the medial circumflex femoral artery were measured in terms of peak percent enhancement. At the first month, blood supply of the growth plate was significantly higher in the pediatric group (<15 years old) than in the adolescent and adult group (>15 years old). At the fourth month, blood supply in every part of the femoral head (epiphysis, growth plate, and metaphysis) was significantly higher in the pediatric group than in the adolescent and adult group. Multiple regression analysis revealed that blood supply to the femoral head depended on the number of days after initiation of corticosteroid administration and the age at the time of dynamic MRI. Blood supply to the femoral head is abundant in pediatric patients and is a function of the number of days after initiation of corticosteroid administration.

  • Received April 12, 2011.
  • Accepted August 31, 2011.
  • © The Author(s), 2012. Reprints and permissions: http://www.sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav

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