Mycophenolate mofetil as a maintenance therapy for lupus-related diffuse alveolar hemorrhage: a case report

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cases complicated with DAH often have active SLE with multi-organ involvement, especially lupus nephritis. We describe a rare case of DAH as the first presenting manifestation of SLE in the absence of lupus nephritis. Remission was induced by IV methylprednisolone, IV cyclophosphamide, and plasmapheresis. Further cycles of cyclophosphamide were prevented by recurrent infections. Maintenance of remission was successfully achieved with oral mycophenolate mofetil 1 g twice daily, with a good control of SLE and without further DAH episodes.

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