The study of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index in Indian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

The Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index (CLASI) is a newly described tool used to assess the activity of and damage caused by cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE). There is a paucity of data on CLASI from the Indian subcontinent. We sought to determine the applicability of CLASI in specific lesions of CLE in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) attending a tertiary care hospital in India. In this prospective, cross-sectional study, 93 patients of SLE with cutaneous lesions were recruited. CLASI activity and damage scores of lupus erythematosus (LE)-specific skin lesions were done in 75 patients with SLE. The mean CLASI activity score was 15.4 ± 9.4 (range 0–39) and the mean damage score was 6.87 ± 7.75 (range 0–30). Higher mean CLASI activity scores were seen in patients with a combination of acute, subacute and chronic CLE and in those with widespread lesions. Patients with longstanding disease and long duration of skin lesions had higher damage scores. This study shows that CLASI is an effective tool to assess cutaneous activity of LE-specific lesions, and the damage caused by them, in Indian patients.

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